INCOTERMS—Summary of obligations. The following is a guideline to the obligation of both seller and buyer:

Seller’s obligations Buyer’s obligations
1. EXW—ex works (…. named place)
a. Provide goods according to contract, a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and export/import permits
c. Arrange transport from premises. c. Arrange transport from premises.
d. Deliver goods at his premises. d. Take delivery at seller’s premises.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery. e. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
g. Advise buyer of availability of goods. g. Advise seller of the place and time of taking delivery.
h. Pay for necessary checking, packing, marking before delivery. h. Give seller proof of having taken delivery.
i. Pay pre-shipment inspection costs.
j. Assist buyer to obtain documentation and advise buyer on insurance. j. Reimburse seller for documentation costs.
2. FCA—free carrier …. named place)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Comply with export licenses and customs formalities. b. Comply with import licenses and customs formalities.
c. Arrange, if buyer requests, for carriage of goods at buyer’s risk and expense. c. Arrange for carriage of goods.
d. Deliver the goods to the carrier agreed. d. Accept delivery of the goods.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery. e. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Pay all costs after delivery.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to carrier. g. Give seller adequate notice of preferred carrier and date and point of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Accept proof of delivery.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses were necessary.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary. j. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc, and give seller appropriate carriage instructions.
3. FAS—free alongside ship …. named port of shipment)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price agreed.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Deliver goods alongside named vessel at named port. c. Arrange for shipment at own expense.
d. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery alongside on ship. d. Take delivery alongside ship.
e. Pay all costs until delivery alongside ship. e. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery alongside ship.
f. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to ship. f. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
g. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. g. Give seller adequate notice of ship and port of loading.
h. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. j. Assist with obtaining import license and insurance if necessary. h. Accept proof of delivery.
i. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
j. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
4. FOB-free on board (…named port of shipment)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain license and official permission for export/import.
c. Deliver goods on board named vessel at named port. c. Arrange for shipment at own expense.
d. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery on ship. d. Take delivery at named port.
e. Pay all costs until delivery on ship. e. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery at ship side.
f. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to ship. f. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
g. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. g. Give seller adequate notice of ship and port of loading.
h. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. h. Accept proof of delivery.
i. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary. i. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
j. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
5. CFR-cost and freight (….named port of destination)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Deliver goods on board vessel at name port. c. Arrange delivery at his own expenses at agreed destination.
d. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery on board of ship. d. Take delivery at named port.
e. Pay all costs until delivery. e. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery.
f. Give buyers adequate notice that good. f. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
g. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. g. Give seller adequate notice of ship and port loading.
h. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. h. Accept proof of delivery.
i. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary. i. Pay cost of pre-shipment inspection where necessary.
j. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
6. CIF – costs, insurance and freight (…named port of destination)
a. Provide goods in accordance with contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain any import license.
c. Arrange at own expenses for shipment of goods to named port. Arrange insurance of goods. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods on board vessel at named port. d. Bear the risk of loss or damage after delivery at port of shipment.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery on board of ship. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Give seller adequate notice of time and port of loading.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc. Render assistance re insurance if necessary.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
7. CPT – Carriage paid to (…named place of destination)
a. Provide goods in accordance with contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Pay cost of delivery to agreed point and make the contract of carriage. c. Take delivery at named point.
d. Deliver goods to first carrier. d. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Give seller adequate notice of time and place of delivery.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
8. CIP – Carriage and insurance paid to (…named place of destination)
a. Provide goods in accordance with contract. a. Pay the prince.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain license and official permission for export/import.
c. Pay cost of delivery to agreed point and make the contract of carriage. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods to first carrier. d. Bear the risk of loss or damage after delivery.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Give seller adequate notice of ship and port of loading.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to ship. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
9. DAF – Delivered at frontier (…named place).
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Pay cost carriage to frontier. c. Take delivery at frontier.
d. Deliver goods to named frontier. d. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until delivery. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs until delivery. f. Give seller adequate notice of place of delivery.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to frontier. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of gods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
10. DES – Delivered ex ship (….named port of destination)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Arrange at own expense delivery to a named place at named port. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods on board named vessel at named port of destination. d. bear risk of loss or damage after delivery at ship side.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery on ship. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay al costs until delivery on ship at destination. f. Give buyer adequate notice of ship and port of destination.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to port of destination. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agred manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
11. DEQ – delivered ex quay (duty paid) (…named port of destinantion)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Arrange carriage to port of destination. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods on quay at named vessel at named port. d. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery at quay.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery at quay. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs including customs duties until delivery on quay. f. Give seller adequate notice of destination.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to quay. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
12. DDU – Delivered duty unpaid (…at named destination)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Assist buyer to obtain necessary export license. b. Obtain licenses and official permission for export/import.
c. Pay all costs of carriage to agreed point at destination port. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods at named port. d. Bear risk of loss or damage after delivery at ship side.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery on ship. e. Pay all costs after delivery including duties and taxes.
f. Pay all costs until delivery on ship. f. Give seller adequate notice of ship and port of delivery.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Pay all costs relating to import licenses, etc.
j. Assist with obtaining import licenses and insurance if necessary.
13. DDP – Delivered duty paid (…named place of destination)
a. Provide goods according to contract. a. Pay the price.
b. Obtain necessary export license. b. Assist seller with obtaining permission for export/import.
c. Arrange carriage to port of destination at own expense. c. Take delivery at named port.
d. Deliver goods at named port. d. Bear the risk of loss or damage after delivery.
e. Bear risk of loss or damage until time of delivery. e. Pay all costs after delivery.
f. Pay all costs until delivery on ship including duties and taxes. f. Give seller adequate notice of destination port.
g. Give buyer adequate notice that goods have been delivered to port. g. Accept proof of delivery.
h. Advise buyer of delivery of goods in agreed manner. h. Pay cost of pre-shipment expenses where necessary.
i. Pay costs of packaging, checking and marking. i. Assist seller with information necessary to deliver goods.
j. Pay all costs connected with import licenses and assist buyer with insurance procedures.